The newest Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) was published yesterday by the The Center for World-Class Universities of Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Also known as the Shanghai ranking, this is one of the most well known and widely used rankings in the world, having been compiled for nine consecutive years by now. The very success of the ranking could also be the reason why the page publishing the ranking was down most of the day yesterday, likely due to usage overload.
As expected, there are no huge differences at the top of the list in comparison to last year. The top ten consists of the usual suspects, with small fluctuations either way. Harvard is yet again on top, as it has been throughout all the years and leads with a clear margin. If anything, during the nine years this ranking has been compiled, the gap from first to tenth university has marginally widened – in 2003 the tenth place has a score of 59.1, and that has decreased to 56.4 by 2011. Overall, during the nine years the institutions in top 10 have remained almost the same, aside Yale that was on 8th place and dropped out of top ten after that. One of the institutions that appears to be improving throughout years is MIT; whereas in the case of others, there appears to be some stability over years, and some (e.g. Cambridge) seem to be moving back and forth somewhere in the top5. (Click on image to see the overview of top 10 institutions from 2003 to 2011).
The relative stability of the list is also marked by the fact that it is only ten new entries to top 500 and three new entries to top 100. However, the press release does highlight the progress made by universities from the Middle East, and also the increasing stats of Chinese universities that now have 35 universities in the top 500. (more…)
The 2009 list of the Top 500 World Universities *, researched and published by
Shanghai Jiao Tong university in China, is available for your viewing. US universities still dominate, all but 3 of, the top 20 positions in the world, and 67 of the top 100 university ranking positions. European and Asian universities faired better compared to the 2008 rankings. European universities claimed 39 of the top 100 positions, compared to 36 in 2008. Asian universities claimed two more positions than last year, from 14 in 2008 to 16 in 2009.
Based on “six objective indicators”, this university league table is known to rank academic research success. The methodology is based on alumni and staff winning Nobel prizes and field medals, the number of highly cited researchers in 21 subject categories, papers published in Nature and Science, papers indexed in the Science Citation Index-Expanded and Social Science Citation Index, and finally a per capita academic performance index.
*Please note: We apologize if the link to the rankings is broken due to high traffic.
The 2008 list of top 500 World Universities, researched and published by Shanghai Jiao Tong University in China, is posted online.
SOUND-OFF! What do you think about the worldwide ranking of universities? How does the Shanghai top 500 World Universities ranking tool impact universities around the globe? Do you think the ranking methodology is an accurate way to evaluate universities?
Continuing the conversation about world university ranking systems. Here are a few ranking systems with a global perspective:
In 2003, Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), began ranking world universities, Top 500 World Universities, annually based on quantitative data in four areas:
1. Quality of Education (Alumni of an institution winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals)
2. Quality of Faculty (Staff of an institution winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals; Highly cited researchers in 21 broad subject categories)
3. Research Output
4. Size of Institution
The UK Times Higher Education Supplement came up with a list of Top 200 Universities in November 2004 and have continued these rankings annually. 40% of the measure is a peer review, where approximately 3,700 faculty members from around the world are surveyed.
Newsweek International just recently joined in the global rankings game in 2006. The Top 100 Global Universities uses similar measures as the SJTU and Times ranking systems.
What do you think about global rankings of universities? Are they an accurate measure of what universities offer and who uses these rankings?