Tag: research policy

SciELO – 15 years of open access in emerging countries

1656ba26efUNESCO and SciELO have published an anniversary publication to follow up the 15th anniversary of SciELO.

SciELO (The Scientific Electronic Library Online) had its origins in Brazil at around 1997 and has since been expanded to 16 additional countries, most in Latin America, the Caribbean, but also including Portugal, South Africa and Spain. In their model, authors do not need to pay or pay very little, being subsidized by public funds. Open access expert Jean-Claude Guédon argued in an article in Nature that with respect to open access this was “one of the more exciting projects not only from emergent countries, but also in the whole world”.

The significance of SciELO in raising the profile was noted already in 2002 in a Nature article.  In 2013, SciELO citation index was also integrated to Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge citation index, and SciELO director commented at the launch taht at the launch that this integration was a milestone in making research from these emerging economies more widely accessible and recognized.

The main aim of the anniversary publication is to provide detailed information about the SciELO model as a “best practice” case for possible implementation in other regions. SciELO is built around the so-called SciELO model consisting of the SciELO methodology, the SciELO site and the SciELO Network. The anniversary publication examines various aspects of the SciELO initiative from its establishment to spread in various countries, operating principles and the kinds of results that have been achieved.

Post-doc position on research policy and funding

COReThe group on Management and Performance of Research and Higher Education Institutions led by Dr. Benedetto Lepori, invites applications for one post-doctoral position in the area of research policy and funding studies. The group is one of the main research centers in Europe on research policy and higher education studies. It is part of the Centre for Organizational Research at the Faculty of Economics of the University of Lugano in Switzerland, a leading research and educational center in the field of organizational studies.

More information on on-going projects and publications can be retrieved here.

The successful candidate will work on different national and European projects dealing with the analysis of research policy and research funding. Your tasks will include collection of data on policies and funding, as well as their (quantitative and qualitative) analysis in order to provide both policy and scholarly outputs.

Basic requirements for an application are the following:

  • a PhD in economics or social sciences (completed by the start date of employment).
  • Excellent knowledge of English.
  • Knowledge of quantitative methods.

Other preferential selection criteria are the following:

  • track record of international publications.
  • research experience in the domain of research policy or higher education studies.

The position will be full time for a two-year period (with possible extension for further two-year) under usual contractual conditions of the University of Lugano. Start date of the employment in fall 2014.

Deadline for applications – September 30th, 2014. 

Information about the application procedure and necessary documents can be found here (pdf).

Guest blogger: Where have all the scientists gone? Building research profiles at Dutch universities and its consequences for research

Grit Laudel  (TU Berlin)

Grit Laudel
(TU Berlin)

This guest entry is written by Grit Laudel (TU Berlin) and Elke Weyer (German Council of Science and Humanities). In their guest entry they examine how research profiles were built at Dutch universities, and analyse the impact of profile-building for both universities and scientific fields and the potential consequences of these developments for national science systems as a whole. 

This entry is based on the book chapter with the same title in: Richard Whitley & Jochen Gläser (eds.). Organisational Transformation and Scientific Change: The Impact of Institutional Restructuring on Universities and Intellectual Innovation.

The book is Vol.42 in the series of “Research in the Sociology of Organizations“.

Elke Weyer

Elke Weyer
(German Council of Science and Humanities)

New Public Management reforms in many countries include enhanced opportunities for universities to build research profiles and pressure by the government to do so. Building research profiles usually means the concentration of resources on fewer topics than before. Despite their prevalence in many higher education systems, these processes have found little attention in higher education research, and their effects are poorly understood. At the same time, concerns have been raised that profile-building might threaten the diversity of research and make some fields disappear from the national research landscape.

Our empirical study of profile-building at Dutch universities looked at micro-level processes of profile-building and their possible nation-level effects. The Netherlands provide an excellent laboratory for such analysis due to advanced New Public Management reforms and the relatively small size of the country, which makes national fields very sensitive to decisions at individual universities.

HEIK seminar with Dr Tatiana Fumasoli on the role of the European Research Council

Tatiana Fumasoli  (ARENA, University of Oslo)

Tatiana Fumasoli
(ARENA, University of Oslo)

We are pleased to inform you about another recorded session from the HEIK academic seminar series in the field of higher education, with both invited international speakers and members of the research group HEIK (Higher Education: Institutional dynamics and Knowledge cultures) here at the University of Oslo.

This lecture was recorded in November 2013 and features Dr. Tatiana Fumasoli who discusses the role of the European Research Council in the emerging European Research Area.

Listen to the session directly on HEIK website

Abstract for the session: 

Guest blogger: Research collaboration and research policy – Disciplinary differences are important

Professor Jenny M. Lewis (University of Melbourne)

This guest entry is by professor Jenny M. Lewis, who is an Australian Research Council Future Fellow at the University of Melbourne, Australia. In 2010-12 she was Professor of Public Administration and Public Policy at Roskilde University, Denmark. She held a grant from the Australian Research Council from 2008- 2010, to examine academic collaboration and research performance. The following is based on this study, and a book: “Academic Governance: Disciplines and Policy”, will be published by Routledge in 2013. Find out more about her work here.

Attempts to increase research collaboration can be seen in the type of grants available in many national funding systems, around the world. However, if these are aimed at one particular model of collaboration, the effects may be deleterious rather than beneficial, both to the academics conducting research, and to the nations that hope to benefit from the fruits of these collaborations. Research policy and funding should bear these differences in mind when seeking to stimulate collaborative research, so as to gain better outcomes across a range of disciplines. The following summarizes some findings published in a recent article in Higher Education (Lewis et al 2012).

There are profound differences in how academics in different disciplines do research, and it could be expected that this is also true of how they collaborate. Collaborative working in (biological and physical) science has been extensively studied, but the literature examining collaboration in the humanities (particularly), and also in the social sciences, is much smaller. So how do academics (other than biological and physical scientists) collaborate? And are there substantial differences between disciplines in the how and why of collaboration?

Improving research policy requires a more thorough understanding of the variety of collaboration types across disciplines. It seems that