Tag: Asian HE

Europe 2020 vs China 2020?

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At times of economic turmoil throughout the world it appears that there is an increased focus in producing strategies for economic growth, the current leading countries and regions, and the aspiring regions all have entered the race. Increasingly, this also means a focus on knowledge and higher education as the main sector for producing new knowledge. Recently, China has issued its new strategy for the new decade – Innovation 2020 with ambitious goals in research. So – how does this compare to Europe?

Europe 2020 was introduced in March 2010 and followed up and replaced the earlier Lisbon Strategy, and included five areas for focus: employment, innovation, education, social inclusion and climate/energy. It was after the Lisbon strategy and the use of Open Method of Coordination (OMC), that the European Commission has increasingly legitimized its participation in higher education policy in Europe. The role of the Lisbon process and OMC issues have also received attention in the scholarly literature (see e.g. Gornitzka 2007, Keeling 2006). The goals related to higher education and research in the strategy are that the number of tertiary education graduates in the age group of 30-34 should be increased from 31% to 40%, and investment in R&D (including private sector) is to reach 3% of GDP. The overall Europe 2020 strategy has also received criticism, Euractiv cited Bengt-Åke Lundvall, a professor of economics at the University of Aalborg, who argued in October 2010 that the Europe2020 strategy had a too general focus, and was potentially less effective than the strategy in China.

While Europe is balancing its ambitions for the future with its somewhat difficult current economic situation, doubts on the future leading role of Europe are visible in public opinion. A survey of 6000 respondents from 6 countries (published in December 2010) indicated that China is seen to become ‘world’s most important innovation center’ by 2020.

Asian University Rankings

The Top 200 Asian University Rankings from Quacquarelli Symond (QS) is now available online. According to QS, “Interest in rankings amongst Asian institutions is amongst the strongest in the world – leading to Asia being the first of a number of regional exercises QS plans to initiate.”  Here is a sneak peak of the top 10 universities:

1   University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
2    The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Hong Kong
3   National University of Singapore (NUS) Singapore
4    The Chinese University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
5   The University of Tokyo Japan
6    Seoul National University South Korea
7    Osaka University Japan
8    Kyoto University Japan
9    Tohoku University Japan
10    Nagoya University Japan

CAMPUS Asia Models after the Erasmus Program

A joint committee made up of government officials from South Korea, China, and Japan met in April to work on an agreement encouraging regional academic exchange. Much like the Erasmus program, the Collective Action for the Mobility Program of University Student (CAMPUS) Asia program aims to harmonize the three higher education systems allowing for the joint recognition of academic credits, development of exchange programs and agreements, and quality control.  “Based on the agreement at the Second Trilateral Summit, developing exchange among universities with quality assurance in Japan, China and Korea is of great importance in implementing human resources development on a scale of the whole East Asian region as the economic activities in this region are becoming more and more interrelated.” The next joint committee meeting is scheduled for Autumn 2010 in China.

International Higher Education Podcast: Episode 1

Hedda is pleased to announce the launch of The International Higher Education Podcast.  Our aim is to deliver an innovative approach to presenting news, interviews, and discussions on topics in the field of Higher Education, to a worldwide audience.

Episode 1

Direct download

Episode Summary

Dr. Peter MaassenThe podcast will begin with Part 1 in a series of interviews focusing on the recently published book, Borderless Knowledge?  Understanding the “New” Internationalisation of Research and Higher Education in Norway.The first interview in this series features Dr. Peter Maassen.  Dr. Maassen is Professor of Higher Education at the University of Oslo and a Senior Research Fellow at NIFU STEP.  He is also Director of Hedda, a consortium of European centers for research in Higher Education.

Book chapter abstracts (Word, 47.00 kB)

Dr. Shinichi YamamotoOur podcast then concludes with an interview featuring Dr. Shinichi Yamamoto.  Dr. Yamamoto is Professor of Higher Education and Director of the Research Institute for Higher Education at Hiroshima University in Japan.  For this interview Dr. Yamamoto gives us his perspective on Higher Education in Japan.

Foreign Scholars Invited to Teach/Research in South Korea

Map of South Korea.
As a way to increase the quality and enhance the international rankings of South Korean higher education, the government has funded a new inititative to invite foreign scholars to teach at Korean insititutions. Korea Times reports that the new program, World Class Universities, will spend over 15 million U.S. dollars next year to invite 81 foreign scholars to teach and conduct research. Nine of the 81 scholars are Nobel Laureates. The Chronicle of Higher Education explains the World Class Universities program in more detail, “Begun in January, the five-year plan finances collaborative projects between overseas and South Korean scholars working to establish academic programs in fields that would support economic growth.”