Abye Tasse, vice-president for strategic planning and international affairs at Addis Ababa University (AAU) has a plan to produce 5,000 PhD candidates in the next 10 years. According to The Guardian, in the last 50 years Ethiopia has only produced 100 PhD holders. An increase in PhD holders is needed to teach the growing undergraduate population and to contribute to research and development (R&D) efforts. The new PhD programs are designed to assist in areas of social development such as, “peace and security, food production, biodiversity and urban growth”. However, there are many challenges that stand in they way to produce more PhD holders: the salary for PhD holders is low, the Ethiopian government struggles to fund a portion of this new initiative, there are not enough academics to supervise the new PhD candidates, and academic freedom is hard to come by in a university system that is under government control.
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